International terms

Terms used for International bodies and agreements

AQIS

Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service. The Australian equivalent for New Zealands  Ministry for Primary Industries.

AQSIQ

Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (People’s Republic of China). Before exporting materials to the Chinese Mainland, an overseas company must register with AQSIQ .

AANZFTA

ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area AANZFTA agreement entered into force on 1 January 2010 for (and between) the following countries: Australia, Brunei, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Singapore, the Philippines, and Viet Nam.  It entered into force for Thailand on 12 March 2010 and for Laos and Cambodia on 1 and 4 January 2011 respectively. 

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations, is a geo-political and economic organization of ten countries located in Southeast Asia, which was formed on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Since then, membership has expanded to include Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.

Codex

Codex Alimentarius Commission A joint FAO/WHO commission created in 1963 to develop food standards, guidelines and related texts. Its purpose is to protect the health of consumers and ensure fair trade practices in the Food trade.

CPM

The Commission on Phytosanitary Measures governs the IPPC . It meets during March or April each year at FAO headquarters in Rome, Italy, to promote cooperation to help implement the objectives of the IPPC.

DEFRA

Department for Environment , Food and Rural Affairs in the UK

GAP

Good Agricultural practice. GAP is the name of a quality assurance programme that provides a traceable, accountable system from crop to customer for the production of fruit, vegetables, olives and flowers. NZ GAP can be used for product produced for New Zealand consumption and Global GAP is used by many exporter..

IPPC

International Plant Protection Convention A legally binding international agreement, concluded under Article XIV of the FAO constitution, aimed at the protection of the world’s plant resources from the introduction and spread of pests.  There are over 170 contracting parties to the IPPC.

ISPM

International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures  An international standard adopted by the CPM, established under the IPPC

ISTA

International Seed Testing Association produces  internationally agreed rules for seed sampling and testing, accrediting laboratories, promoting research, and providing international seed analysis certificates, training and dissemination of knowledge in seed science and technology to facilitate seed trading.

NPPO  

National Plant Protection Organization Official service established by a government to undertake  the functions specified by the IPPC. In New Zealand this organisation is  MPI.

NAPPO

North American Plant Protection Organisation One of the 10 Regional Plant Protection Organisations recognised by the IPPC (Article IX)

OECD

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development     The OECD brings together the governments of countries committed to democracy and the market economy.  

SPS

Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) is an international treaty of the World Trade Organization. Under the SPS Agreement, WTO Members shall, inter alia, “ensure that any sanitary or phytosanitary measure is applied only to the extent necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health, is based on scientific principles and is not maintained without sufficient evidence

WTO

World Trade Organisation The WTO is an organisation of 149 member governments that negotiate together to liberalise international trade and establish international trade rules.